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|Title: ||Agathisflavone Enhances Retinoic Acid-Induced Neurogenesis and Its Receptors α and β in Pluripotent Stem Cells|
|Other Titles: ||Stem Cells and Development|
|Authors: ||Souza, Cleide dos Santos|
Bonamino, Martin Hernán
Bahia, Marcus Vinicius
Costa, Silvia Lima
Borges, Helena L.
Rehen, Stevens K.
|Issue Date: ||2011|
|Abstract: ||Flavonoids have key functions in the regulation of multiple cellular processes; however, their effects have been poorly examined in pluripotent stem cells. Here, we tested the hypothesis that neurogenesis induced by all-trans retinoic acid (RA) is enhanced by agathisflavone (FAB, Caesalpinia pyramidalis Tull). Mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells and induced pluripotent stem (miPS) cells growing as embryoid bodies (EBs) for 4 days were treated with FAB (60 μM) and/or RA (2 μM) for additional 4 days. FAB did not interfere with the EB mitotic rate of mES cells, as evidenced by similar percentages of mitotic figures labeled by phospho-histone H3 in control (3.4%±0.4%) and FAB-treated groups (3.5%±1.1%). Nevertheless, the biflavonoid reduced cell death in both control and RA-treated EBs from mES cells by almost 2-fold compared with untreated EBs. FAB was unable, by itself, to induce neuronal differentiation in EBs after 4 days of treatment. On the other hand, FAB enhanced neuronal differentiation induced by RA in both EBs of mES and miPS. FAB increased the percentage of nestin-labeled cells by 2.7-fold (mES) and 2.4 (miPS) and β-tubulin III–positive cells by 2-fold (mES) and 2.7 (miPS) in comparison to RA-treated EBs only. FAB increased the expression of RA receptors α and β in mES EBs, suggesting that the availability of RA receptors is limiting RA-induced neurogenesis in pluripotent stem cells. This is the first report to describe that naturally occurring biflavonoids regulate apoptosis and neuronal differentiation in pluripotent stem cells.|
|Description: ||Texto completo: acesso restrito. p. 1711-1720|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (ICS)|
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